The National Council for Curriculum and Assessment(NaCCA) in Ghana has introduced a new educational curriculum for pre-tertiary schools, that is from Junior high to the Senior high level after a long break from school due to the COVID 19 pandemic.
In 2019, NaCCA brought about the Standard Base Curriculum (SBC) for Kindergarten and primary school, where school children were taught to focus on strengthening their reading, arithmetic , writing and creativity as foundational skill.
However, the council in 2020 introduced another syllabus known as the Common Core Program(CCP) for Junior high school (JHS 1) to post secondary level to set high international-bench mark career and ready standards for tertiary education since learners are expected to know, understand and be able to focus on their social, emotional, cognitive and physical development.
Here are some reforms made to pre-tertiary education in Ghana:
1. Junior High and Senior school shall be described as Basic school, where Jhs 1,2, 3 and Shs 1 shall be referred to as Basic school 7, 8,9 and 10 respectively.
2. The Common Core Program shall be run for students in JHS 1 to Shs 1 with 9 subjects namely : Maths , Languages, Science, Career Technology, Social studies, computing, creative art with Design and Physical and Health Education which is specifically not examinable.
3. Basic Education Certificate examination popularly known has BECE will be replaced with the placement exams for Jhs 3 students to be enrolled in Shs 1.
4. At Primary 2, 4 ,6 and Jhs 2 , a new form of exams called National Standard Assessment Test ( NSAT) shall be conducted.
(5) The common core program shall continue to run a year for students in Shs 1, hence student are not to select science , business or arts programs until Shs 2.
(6) Students in Shs1 shall write a common core exams into form 2 at the end of the term.
(7) Students in Shs 2 will now have to select either a career related program which includes vocational and technical program or a high diploma school program like that of science, business and arts.
(8) With the above, elective subjects shall commence in Shs 2.
(9) West African Secondary school Certificate Examination ( Wassce) shall be replaced with university entrance exams at Shs 3.
(10) Finally , student after successful completion of SHS 3 will be awarded a Diploma certicate instead.
The common core attributes of the learner seek to describe the essential outcome of learning since educational system will be more of research based, student participation and effective teaching which will be important to the Ghanaian society, make student ready for electives in Shs 2, character-minded learners who can play active roles in dealing with the increasing challenges facing Ghana ,the global society and to also prepare them for the world of work.
Source: National Council for Curriculum Assessment website.
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