Unemployment in Ghana.Part II


Apart from the increase in the crime rate and the illegitimate job creation, unemployment is also known to promote what is popularly called’brain drain’.Frustrated and fed up with the situation of unable to do anything meaningful with their lives in Ghana, many people, especially the youth and many intellectuals try to seek greener pastures in other countries, thereby causing professionals who should stay in the country to contribute their quota to development through the skills and competencies they have acquired rather use those skills to advance the development agenda of nations that did not play any role in the training of such individuals.Some of them never come back to the native land.Aside these facts, others in the quest of getting to their destinations of choice abroad perish whilst at it.Worse still, some of these Ghanaian migrants end up in morden slave markets, prostitution rings, abusive domestic engagements and the like.It is quite obvious that no matter what, some people will venture to travel, many of them would love to be domiciled in their home country if they would get access to decent jobs.Recently, many Ghanaians were called to the bar in the Gambia.We have heard of many Ghanaian doctors who work elsewhere outside of Ghana whilst the doctor to patient ratio within the country is far lower than what’s required.

Another problem that high unemployment causes is the increase in the dependency ratio.Dependency ratio can simply be explained as the number of people who derive their livelihood from another person.It is common in Ghana to see family members, even those who should be working, depending on one relative for sustenance because of lack of jobs.Sometimes, one family member or acquaintance caters for as many as seven dependents.So anytime calamity strikes, like the sudden demise of the breadwinner, you discover that the whole family is thrown into a state of pandemonium, despondency and hopelessness.The affected family suddenly begins to wander and grope about in the darkness of uncertainty, not knowing where the next meal is going to come from.

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